Applications for the class of 2017-2019 are now closed.

Applications for the class of 2018-2020 will open in October 2017.

Master SERP+ Programme

Advanced microscopy


Scanning electron microscopy and microprobe: electron optics, electron beam - specimen interaction, signal detection, image formation, contrast types. EDX and WDX spectroscopy; qualitative and quantitative x-ray analysis.

Transmission electron microscopy: elastic and inelastic scattering phenomena. The microscope: the illumination system, the objective lens and stage, the imaging system. Introduction to the different types of contrast. Introduction to electron diffraction. Sample preparation techniques.


Understanding the fundamentals of electron microscopies and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, which permit the observation and characterization of heterogeneous organic and inorganic materials.

Recommended Books

“Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis”, J.I. Goldstein, D.E. Newbury, P. Echlin, D.C. Joy, A.D. Romig, Jr., C.E. Lyman, C. Fiori, E. Lifshin, Plenum Press, 1992.

“Trasmission Electron Microscopy”, D.B. Williams and C.B. Carter, Plenum Press, 1996.

Teaching Staff

Paola Riani (Course Coordinator)


Lectures: 21 h

Lab works: 6 h

Grading System

Exam: 90%

Lab works: 10%