Auditorium lectures (15 h):
1. Definitions of solid state and crystals.
2. Classification of crystals – cohesion forces.
3. Properties of crystals – anisotropy, phonons, band structure, conductivity.
4. Point and space symmetry.
5. Defects and surfaces.
6. Diffraction: x-rays and neutrons at ambient and extreme conditions.
7. TEM, SEM, AFM, STM.
8. Inelastic scattering.
9. Databases and data mining.
10. Examples of applications: geophysics, electronics, sensors, energy harvesting.
Laboratory exercises (30 h):
1. Crystals as the main representatives of solids.
2. Symmetry as the main concept describing the crystal structure.
3. From morphology to the structure.
4. Space symmetry.
5. X-Ray diffraction – reciprocal space.
6. Database search and understanding crystallographic information.
Journal club (5 h):
5 meetings with student seminars presenting assignments from current literature with discussion.
Solid state chemistry provides the most basic knowledge indispensable for the subjects about modern materials and their properties. The course will teach the students:
(1) how to define the solid state and to connect its 3D structure with properties: elastic, electric, dielectric, magnetic; how to characterize solids, with the focus on X-rays and neutrons crystallography and inelastic scattering, with an overview of the emerging techniques;
(2) how the knowledge about 3D structures in databases facilitates the understanding of structure-property relations;
(3) how this knowledge is applied in the development of modern materials.
1. Gale Rhodes, Crystallography Made Crystal Clear, 3rd edition, Academic Press, Amsterdam 2006.
2. Harry R. Allcock, Introduction to materials chemistry, Wiley, New Jersey 2008.
3. Gregory S. Rohrer, Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials, Cambridge University Press 2001.
4. Max Born & Huang Kun, Dynamical Theory of Crystal Lattices, Oxford Science Publications, 1988.