- Structure of solids.
- Crystal lattices: unit cells and Bravais lattices; identification of lattice planes; different nature of close packed structures: metals; alloys; ionic, covalent and molecular structures.
- Crystal defects, non-stoichiometry and solid solutions.
- Bonding in solids.
- Ionic bonding.
- Ions and ionic radii.
- Lattice energy of ionic crystals.
- Validity of the ionic model.
- Electronic structure of solids: quantum mechanics review; basics of molecular orbital theory; model of one-dimensional crystal; metallic bonding and band theory; bands in three dimensions; energy bands and density of states; band structure in metals, insulators and semi-conductors; quantum theory of conduction: electrons in simple periodic potential models
- Illustrative examples of some inorganic solids including transition metal compounds and graphene.
- Phase equilibria and phase transitions in solids.
- One-component systems; binary systems: simple eutetics, complex phase reactions, solid solutions; ternary systems. Technologically important phase diagrams.
- Melting; order-disorder transitions; magnetic order; spinodal decomposition; nucleation and growth; glasses and glass transition.
At the end of this course, the student should understand the physico-chemical principles underlying the structure, bonding and thermodynamics of the solid state.
- “The Physical Chemistry of Solids”, Richard J. Borg and G. J. Dienes, Academic Press Inc., 1992
- “Solid State Chemistry and its Applications” Anthony R. West , 2nd Edition, Student Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2014
- “Quanta, Matter, and Change”, Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula and Ronald Friedman, Oxford Univ. Press, 2009.