Applications for the class of 2017-2019 are now closed.

Applications for the class of 2018-2020 will open in October 2017.

Master SERP+ Programme

Diffraction techniques and surface spectroscopies


Powder diffraction techniques. Interpretation of diffraction data from polycrystalline samples: phase identification, indexing methods, structure  refinement by the Rietveld method. Introduction to surface sensitive techniques based on electron and photon beams. The Ultra High Vacuum Environment. Low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and grazing angle X-ray diffraction (GISAX). X-Ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). Fluorescence. Photoelectron diffraction. EXAFS and NEXAFS. Synchrotron radiation and its sources.


Acquire the basic knowledge of X-ray powder diffraction techniques, through practical activities aimed at interpreting diffraction data. Knowledge of the instrumentation and operational techniques for compositional and structural analyses.

Recommended Books

D.P. Woodruff and T.A. Delchar: Modern Techniques of Surface Science: Second edition, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0 521 42498 4


V. K. Pecharsky, P. Y. Zavalij “Fundamentals of powder diffraction and structural  characterization of materials” Kluwer Academic Press International Tables of Crystallography Vols.1-4

Teaching Staff

Prof. Luca Vattuone (Course Coordinator) DIFI-UNIGE

Prof. Marcella Pani DCCI-UNIGE


Lectures: 32 h (4 ECTS)

Lab work: 24 h (2 ECTS)

Grading System

Exam: 70%

Lab works: 30%