Auditorium lectures (15 h):
- Definitions of solid state and crystals.
- Classification of crystals – cohesion forces.
- Properties of crystals – anisotropy, phonons, band structure, conductivity.
- Point and space symmetry.
- Defects and surfaces.
- Diffraction: x-rays and neutrons at ambient and extreme conditions.
- TEM, SEM, AFM, STM.
- Inelastic scattering.
- Databases and data mining.
- Examples of applications: geophysics, electronics, sensors, energy harvesting.
Laboratory exercises (30 h):
- Crystals as the main representatives of solids.
- Symmetry as the main concept describing the crystal structure.
- From morphology to the structure.
- Space symmetry.
- X-Ray diffraction – reciprocal space.
- Database search and understanding crystallographic information.
Journal club (5 h):
5 meetings with student seminars presenting assignments from current literature with discussion.
The course will teach the students:
- how to define the solid state and to connect its 3D structure with properties.
- how the knowledge about 3D structures in databases facilitates the understanding of structure-property relations;
- how this knowledge is applied in the development of modern materials;
- how to practically investigate the symmetry, structure and properties of solids in a modern diffraction and spectroscopy labs.
- Gale Rhodes, Crystallography Made Crystal Clear, 3rd edition, Academic Press, Amsterdam 2006.
- Harry R. Allcock, Introduction to materials chemistry, Wiley, New Jersey 2008.
- Gregory S. Rohrer, Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials, Cambridge University Press 2001.
- Max Born & Huang Kun, Dynamical Theory of Crystal Lattices, Oxford Science Publications, 1988.